Aneurysms, vertebral stenosis, and intracranial stenosis are all types of cerebrovascular conditions, as are stroke and carotid stenosis.
Vessel constriction (stenosis), thrombosis, obstruction, or rupture of a blood vessel can all cause a reduction in blood flow (haemorrhage). In addition, a lack of blood supply to the brain (ischemia) can lead to a stroke.
There are no recognized causes of cerebrovascular anomalies. However, the following conditions can lead to cerebral stenosis or aneurysms:
- Cholesterol levels are too high.
- Diabetic hypertension
- Obesity and lack of exercise
- A transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke typically isn’t the first sign of cerebrovascular stenosis. Trans ischemic attack or stroke symptoms may include the sudden onset of any or a combination of the following:
- Severe headache
- Insomnia, disorientation, difficulties understanding, and lapses in memory
- Arm or leg numbness or weakness
- Weakness or drooping of one side of the face
- Speech that is slurred or distorted
- Vision loss or inability to see
- Inability to walk due to a lack of coordination or balance
The doctor will analyze your symptoms, risk factors, family and medical histories and do a physical exam to diagnose cerebrovascular illness. In most situations, the doctor will also prescribe imaging tests to evaluate the brain’s arteries and veins. This includes:
Treatment options for cerebrovascular illness may include lifestyle modifications, medication, careful monitoring, and surgery, depending on the kind and severity of the condition.