Parkinson’s disease is a condition of the brain that leads to involuntary or uncontrolled movements, including trembling, stiffness, and problems with balance and coordination.
The root of what triggers Parkinson’s disease is still a mystery. Both hereditary and environmental factors may be at play. In addition, there is evidence that viruses can cause Parkinson’s, according to some researchers.
Researchers have found a correlation between low levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine and the dopamine regulator norepinephrine, which is also associated with Parkinson’s disease.
Lewy bodies, and abnormal proteins, have also been discovered in persons with Parkinson’s disease brains. However, if Lewy bodies have a role in the onset of Parkinson’s disease, scientists are unaware of it.
There are four primary signs of Parkinson’s:
- Shaking of the limbs or the head, neck, or jaw
- Muscle stiffness, characterised by prolonged muscle contraction
- Sluggishness in movement
- Lack of balance and coordination can cause accidental falls.
- Sadness and other mood swings
- Problems with eating, drinking, and communicating
- Issues with urination or bowel movement
- Skin conditions
The non-genetic types of Parkinson’s disease cannot yet be diagnosed using blood or laboratory tests. However, normal diagnostic procedures include a thorough medical history review and a neurological exam.
Medication, lifestyle changes and therapies can be useful in treating Parkinson’s.